We frequently referer to many statistics and studies. Here you will find references to the source studies and materials. This section is updated frequently so please check back.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019 Annual Surveillance Report of Drug-Related Risks and Outcomes — United States Surveillance Special Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Published November 1, 2019. Accessed [date] from https://www. cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/ pubs/2019-cdc-drug-surveillancereport.pdf.
Foy R, Leaman B, McCrorie C, et al
Prescribed opioids in primary care: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of influence of patient and practice characteristics BMJ Open 2016;6:e010276. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010276
Chronic Opioid Prescribing in Primary Care: Factors and Perspectives
doi: 10.1370/afm.2357Ann Fam Med May/June 2019 vol. 17 no. 3 200-206
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education. Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011. Available from: doi: 10.17226/13172
Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. Characteristics of Initial Prescription Episodes and Likelihood of Long-Term Opioid Use - United States, 2006-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(10):265–269. Published 2017 Mar 17. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6610a1
Kuo YF, Raji MA, Chen NW, Hasan H, Goodwin JS. Trends in Opioid Prescriptions Among Part D Medicare Recipients From 2007 to 2012 [published correction appears in Am J Med. 2017 May;130(5):615-616]. Am J Med. 2016;129(2):221.e21–221.e2.21E30. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2015.10.002
Lagisetty PA, Healy N, Garpestad C, Jannausch M, Tipirneni R, Bohnert ASB. Access to Primary Care Clinics for Patients With Chronic Pain Receiving Opioids. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196928. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6928